Earth science

The United Launch Alliance (ULA) Delta II rocket with the NASA Ice, Cloud and land Elevation Satellite-2 (ICESat-2) onboard is seen shortly after the mobile service tower at SLC-2 was rolled back, Saturday, Sept. 15, 2018, at Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif. The ICESat-2 mission will measure the changing height of Earth's ice. (Bill Ingalls/NASA via AP)
September 15, 2018 - 9:17 am
VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. (AP) — A NASA satellite designed to precisely measure changes in Earths ice sheets, glaciers, sea ice and vegetation was launched into polar orbit from California early Saturday. A Delta 2 rocket carrying ICESat-2 lifted off from Vandenberg Air Force Base at 6:02 a...
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This satellite image provided by NOAA shows Hurricane Florence on the eastern coast of the United States on Friday, Sept. 14, 2018. (NOAA via AP)
September 14, 2018 - 7:01 pm
WASHINGTON (AP) — A warmer world makes for nastier hurricanes. Scientists say they are wetter, possess more energy and intensify faster. Their storm surges are more destructive because climate change has already made the seas rise. And lately, the storms seem to be stalling more often and thus...
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Waves slam the Oceana Pier & Pier House Restaurant in Atlantic Beach, N.C., Thursday, Sept. 13, 2018 as Hurricane Florence approaches the area. (Travis Long/The News & Observer via AP)
Patrick Gentry
September 13, 2018 - 7:37 pm
WILMINGTON, N.C. (AP) — The big slosh has begun, and the consequences could be disastrous. Hurricane Florence's leading edge battered the Carolina coast Thursday, bending trees and shooting frothy sea water over streets on the Outer Banks, as the hulking storm closed in with 100 mph (160 kph) winds...
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September 04, 2018 - 7:02 pm
ANCHORAGE, Alaska (AP) — One of Alaska's largest and most active volcanoes is restless again, prompting scientists to issue an aviation advisory. Alaska Volcano Observatory scientists increased the threat level of Mount Veniaminof (VEN'-ee-ah-mean-off) from yellow to orange Tuesday. That color...
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In this 2013 photo provided by Bogdan Onac, researcher Vasile Ersek stands in the Ascunsa Cave in Romania. Scientists say ancient shifts in climate helped our species replace Neanderthals in Europe. Researchers used data from this cave and another to document two lengthy cold and dry periods. The report, released Monday, Aug. 27, 2018, by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, found these periods coincided with the disappearance of Neanderthals and the arrival of our species in specific places. (Bogdan Onac via AP)
August 27, 2018 - 6:27 pm
NEW YORK (AP) — Ancient periods of cold and dry climate helped our species replace Neanderthals in Europe, a study suggests. Researchers found that such cold periods coincided with an apparent disappearance of our evolutionary cousins in different parts of the continent, followed by the appearance...
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In this photo taken on late Thursday, Aug. 23, 2018, Mount Etna volcano spews lava during an eruption. Mount Etna in Sicily has roared back into spectacular volcanic action, sending up plumes of ash and spewing lava. Italy's National Institute of Geophysics and Vulcanology (INGV) says that the volcano, which initially "re-awoke" in late July, sprang into fuller action Thursday evening by shooting up chunks of flaming lava as high as 150 meters (500 feet) almost constantly. (Boris Behncke/I.N.G.V. via AP)
August 24, 2018 - 1:59 pm
ROME (AP) — Mount Etna in Sicily has roared back into spectacular volcanic action, sending up plumes of ash and spewing lava. Italy's National Institute of Geophysics and Vulcanology (INGV) says that the volcano, which initially "re-awoke" in late July, sprang into fuller action Thursday evening by...
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This satellite image provided by NOAA shows Hurricane Lane near Hawaii on Thursday, Aug. 23, 2018. Hurricane Lane soaked Hawaii's Big Island on Thursday, and the The National Weather Service warned that some areas could see up to 30 inches before the system passes. (NOAA via AP)
August 23, 2018 - 3:18 pm
WASHINGTON (AP) — Hurricanes seldom get close to Hawaii and it's even rarer for one of the islands to take a direct hit. Hurricane Lane is already drenching and pummeling the island chain, even without reaching land. The last time a major hurricane hit Hawaii was in 1992 when Category 4 Iniki...
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An abandoned, unfinished skyscraper known as "The Tower of David" shows an inclination on the top floors where the columns are exposed, top center, after a powerful earthquake shook eastern Venezuela, causing buildings to be evacuated in the capital of Caracas, Venezuela, Tuesday, Aug. 21, 2018. The quake was felt as far away as Colombia's capital and in the Venezuelan capital office workers evacuated buildings and people fled homes. (AP Photo/Ariana Cubillos)
August 22, 2018 - 8:00 am
CARACAS, Venezuela (AP) — A powerful earthquake shook Venezuela's northeastern coast and parts of the Caribbean, knocking out power, breaking windows and toppling store shelves, but it apparently caused little major damage due to its depth. No deaths were reported. The magnitude 7.3 quake Tuesday...
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August 19, 2018 - 6:07 pm
LAS VEGAS (AP) — Climate change could be to blame for the collapse of bird populations in the desert along the Nevada-California border, scientists said. The number of bird species has fallen by an average of 43 percent over the past century at survey sites across an area larger than New York state...
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FILE - In this Aug. 7, 2018 file photo, firefighters monitor a backfire while battling the Ranch Fire, part of the Mendocino Complex Fire near Ladoga, Calif. The years with the most acres burned by wildfires have some of the hottest temperatures, an Associated Press analysis of fire and weather data found. As human-caused climate change has warmed the world over the past 35 years, the land consumed in flames has more than doubled. (AP Photo/Noah Berger)
August 19, 2018 - 5:01 pm
As temperatures rise in the U.S. West, so do the flames. The years with the most acres burned by wildfires have some of the hottest temperatures, an Associated Press analysis of fire and weather data found. As human-caused climate change has warmed the world over the past 35 years, the land...
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